Tag Archives: click fraud

Still Want to Buy a Banner Ad?

26 Sep

banner ads are broken


Much has been written about the unprecedented rate of growth in digital media spending by advertisers.  But it pays to restate a few facts to help provide some context for this article: 

  • Digital ad spending will hit $140 billion in 2014
  • Compound annual growth for digital spending will average 16% through 2018
  • The compound annual growth rate for total media spend will be 5% through 2018
  • Digital media will account for 1 of every 3 dollars spent on advertising in 2018 

(Source: Ybrant Digital, soon to be re-branded as Lycos, September, 2014) 

What is amazing is that this growth is being achieved in spite of serious questions about the efficacy of certain digital media formats and continued concern regarding the level of fraudulent activity, which continues unabated.  In a recent article for Digiday entitled; “Why digital ads are broken beyond repair” Faris Yakob provides some disheartening evidence that is sure to provide pause to some advertisers.  

According to Mr. Yakob, banner ads, which rank among the oldest and most popular types of digital media in use with “more than 5 trillion banner ads served in the U.S. in 2012” may not warrant the share of advertiser spending which they presently command.  Why?  The author points out that according to a 2009 comScore study “85% of all clicks are derived from 8% of users.” Further, he cites Interactive Advertising Bureau estimates which suggest that “36% of all web traffic is considered fake” to support his supposition that from a media perspective banners are broken.” 

The question raised by the repeated challenges and allegations being leveled at digital media is a simple one; “When are advertisers, publishers, ad agencies, technology intermediaries and industry associations going to get serious about reforming this media channel?”  

Sadly, the answer may be “never” or at least, not as long as advertiser investment in digital media continues to outpace that of traditional media by a rate of three to one.  After all, why should the industry invest in expensive, time extensive and complex reforms when the absence of any such performance governors has not limited the flow of ad dollars into digital media? 

We’re all familiar with the popular quote by 19th century merchant John Wanamaker: 

“Half the money I spend on advertising is wasted; the trouble is I don’t know which half.” 

Given his perspective on marketing efficiency, there is little doubt that Mr. Wanamaker would be a supporter of the proposed move to a viewable impression standard.  If adopted, this new audience delivery currency would serve to counterbalance some of the issues related to click quality and fraudulent activity.  While more needs to be done to protect the interests of advertisers and publishers alike, this would be a positive first step toward reform. 


Who’s Got Your Back?

2 Jul

Earlier this week news broke regarding a click fraud scandal at SheKnows.com, the large web portal targeting women.  The fraud was perpetrated by two editors who encouraged writers for the site to click on sponsor ads in an effort to keep sponsors “happy.”  Below is an excerpt from a memo sent by one of the editors:

Our click-through rates are not as great as our impressions (which is not your fault). But we can help everyone out a bit if we get in the habit of clicking on any ads you see alongside your articles, on the site, in your section, ANYWHERE. Our advertisers are the reason we all have paychecks each month so it’s important that they’re happy. Literally all you have to do is click on the ad – you don’t have to stay on their site for a certain amount of time and don’t have to buy a thing. Just click! Click 100 times if you want to!

Perhaps this editor took John Egan, the 19th century Irish-Canadian businessman and political figure too literally when he said; “The absolute fundamental aim is to make money out of satisfying customers.”

Why is this story important?  SheKnows.com, which is one of the U.S.A.’s leading sites catering to women, has been in business since 1999, claiming 50 million visitors monthly to its website.  Sponsors have included the likes of Panera Bread Company, Unilever, Johnson & Johnson, American Girl, Barilla and others (Panera announced their decision to pull advertising from the site following the news). 

Thus, the revelations about click fraud at a large and well established online publisher is troubling on a number of fronts.  One, we should all take umbrage at the fact that a supervisor at a publisher (or any organization for that matter) is instructing its employees to conduct themselves in an unethical manner.  This raises a serious question, “Were these the actions of a rogue editor or symptomatic of the culture of this particular organization or of online publishers in general?”  Secondly, the fact that the actions encouraged were intended to defraud sponsors and that they caused economic harm to advertisers on the site is amoral and borders on criminal.  Finally, the click fraud was never detected.  The fraud came to light only after internal memos were leaked.  In fairness to SheKnows.com, they have dealt with this issue in a professional and contrite manner and if the click fraud was solely due to the actions of two misguided editors, then they, like their sponsors, are victims as well.

This scandal comes at an interesting time for the online advertising industry.  It is true that online media continues to increase its share of advertiser spending, with growth rates that have far surpassed those of traditional media channels.  In fact, according to eMarketer’s January 2012 survey, online media spending in the U.S. is forecasted to top $39 billion in 2012, more than magazine and newspaper advertising combined.  However, there remain challenges and questions that the online industry must face as it reaches maturation, ranging from declining click rates to attribution measurement to legislative challenges to the industry’s right to self-govern. 

So how does this impact advertisers?  In short, caveat emptor.  With advertisers eschewing investments in traditional channels to fuel spending in online media, including many unmeasured media tactics such as search engine marketing, online video and some forms of social media, there are risks.  The risks are in the form of a lack of advertiser transparency and declining performance levels due to increasing ad clutter and consumer ad avoidance behavior.  It is estimated by ClickZ that click through rates (CTRs), one measure of online ad performance, range from less than .05% for online display ads to 1.0% to 7.0% for search.  It is these lackluster CTRs that provide unscrupulous players the incentive to perpetrate click fraud.

The question to be raised is: “Who is safeguarding the advertiser’s online media investment?”  As referenced earlier, the SheKnows.com click fraud was not uncovered by the Interactive Advertising Bureau or by the advertising agencies for the sponsors on the site, nor by 3rd party ad servers or ad networks nor by the client-side digital marketing teams for those advertisers.  The truth is, if not for a disgruntled employee who leaked an internal communique the fraud would have gone undetected. 

It is for this reason that online advertisers should consider engaging an independent auditor to assess agency and publisher contract compliance, review buying processes and controls, conduct an online billing reconciliation and audit the performance of their media investment in this area.  Interested in learning more about the SheKnows.com click fraud? Check out AdWeek’s feature story.

If you would like to sign up for a complimentary session to discuss the benefits of a 3rd party digital media audit, contact Cliff Campeau, Principal at Advertising Audit & Risk Management at ccampeau@aarmusa.com to schedule a time convenient for you. 

%d bloggers like this: