Tag Archives: right to audit clauses

For Advertisers Concerned About Transparency, There is an Immediate Solution

4 Nov

transparency concernsLet’s face it the advertising industry is a complex, fast-moving and ever evolving marketing eco-system which at times can mystify even its most experienced participants.  The expansion in both the number and types of media channels combined with the technology revolution that has ushered in tools such as digital asset management systems and programmatic buying platforms have only served to fuel advertiser concerns about their advertising investment.

The Association of National Advertisers (ANA) has twice this year issued statements regarding their membership’s concerns about the “transparency crisis” enveloping certain industry practices.  In May they announced that they were stepping up their “scrutiny of media practices” with the goal of shedding some light on the “dealings” between agencies and publishers.  Based upon a study which the organization had completed in February, 2014 forty-six percent of the ANA members’ surveyed expressed concern over the “transparency of media buys.” This was followed by a blog post in October in which the ANA acknowledged concern over a position paper issued by the trade group AICE dealing with agency in-house production practices entitled; “A Push for Greater Transparency, Ethics, and Fairness.

The good news is that advertisers need not wait for the various industry associations and their members to form task forces or appoint committees to assess the risk and propose potential solutions to the “transparency crisis.”  While these are important steps to be taken, they are time consuming, the potential outcomes are uncertain and the proposed solutions will not be tailored to a specific advertiser’s needs.  So what can an advertiser do today to thoroughly vet these issues and reassure their stakeholders that any attendant risks have been mitigated and to validate that they are receiving fair value for the advertising investment being made?

The answer is as close as a copy of the executed contract which is in place between the advertiser and the agency.  Specifically, the solution can be found in the “Right to Audit” clause, which is a staple in an overwhelming majority of client-agency agreements.  In short, this important clause affords advertisers the opportunity to examine the agency’s records of expenditures pertaining to the agency’s billing to the client for the purpose of validating media bills, production bills, studio costs and reconciling agency fees.

Audit clauses are inserted into contracts because they are an important financial control.  Yet, too often advertisers treat their right to audit as a fall back option, which all too frequently is never acted upon.  When this clause is not acted upon, the advertiser forgoes the opportunity to implement standard compliance testing, which in turn limits their opportunity to validate agency billings and gain a certain level of comfort that comes with transparency into the agency’s financial stewardship of their advertising budget.

Once audit rights have been established, industry “Best Practice” would suggest that implementing periodic and routine testing is a must for introducing and maintaining ongoing preventative control measures.  The resulting testing which occurs as part of the audit process can help to deter wasteful practices, identify errant billing transactions and to monitor key financial metrics. All told, a well defined contract compliance audit program can help an individual advertiser address the “transparency crisis” while providing the organization the necessary legal and financial safeguards.

Of note, the agency community has come to accept independent audits as a normal part of an advertiser’s broader corporate or marketing accountability initiative.  Any pushback on this front should be viewed as a “red flag.”  For those agencies which have implemented sound financial stewardship practices there is nothing to fear from an advertiser’s review of their performance in this important area.  Quite the contrary, a well conceived, balanced independent audit process can yield insights and recommendations which also benefit the agency.  Lailah Gifty, a Ghaniaian and founder of the Smart Youth Volunteers Foundation, rightfully said:

“Never believe all that you hear. Always verify the original source of information.”

Those advertisers conducting business without a comprehensive “Right to Audit” clause are simply at risk, forgoing the most important control mechanism available to them to protect their interests.  For those advertisers, which have secured audit rights, but have failed to act upon this right, you are unnecessarily exposing your organization to legal and financial risks.

The “transparency crisis” cited by the ANA is a legitimate issue, which the industry will successfully address in due course.  The question to be asked of advertisers is; “Are you prepared to wait for a broad-based industry solution? Or do you leverage the contractual rights which you have already secured to address these concerns now?”

If you’re interested in learning more about how you might improve your agency contracts or the benefits of advertising agency contract compliance audits contact Cliff Campeau, Principal with Advertising Audit & Risk Management at ccampeau@aarmusa.com for your complimentary consultation.

What is the #1 Advertising Agency Control Oversight?

24 Jan

spreadsheetIn our experience as contract compliance auditors, the answer to this question is unequivocally an advertiser’s failure to reconcile agency billing activity.  Whether we’re talking creative services, digital production or media, advertisers are simply not vouching for the accuracy or completeness of either the agency’s or the 3rd party vendors billing efforts.

Given that “Estimated” billing remains the predominant form of agency billing to advertisers this lack of oversight creates tangible risks and the potential for financial loss that could be eliminated with the implementation of some fairly simple controls.  These risks include the potential for billing errors to go undetected and aged credits, earned discounts and rebates not being returned to the advertiser and lost interest income opportunities tied to agency float.

The principal stop-gap measure that could allay this problem is frequently overlooked by too many advertisers.  What is that measure you ask?  Simply requiring agencies to provide copies of all 3rd party vendor billing with their bill-to-client invoices. 

In two recent examples, one in North America for a multi-channel direct marketer and one in the middle east for a pan-Arabian conglomerate, the client had put significant funds at risk, which had it not been for an independent audit, would surely have been lost.  Each client was billed on an estimated basis by their agency, and each agency routinely failed to reconcile billing to actual expense.  In both instances there were incremental agency remuneration activities identified that were not supported by the client/ agency agreements.  These came chiefly in the form of AVBs, or volume-rebates, provided by media properties based on large expenditures made by each of the respective advertisers.

Had the requisite bill-to-client “back-up” data been available, client-side Accounts Payable personnel would have had the opportunity to review and challenge the billing and to secure financial true-ups along the way.  Ironically, both advertisers had incorporate “Right to Audit” and “Document Retention” clauses into their agency agreements.  However, as is typical across the industry, neither had previously enacted those clauses to engage an independent auditor to review the accuracy and timeliness of the agencies billing and 3rd party vendor payment processing efforts.

When advertisers take a lax posture on billing reconciliation and vouching, invariably two other areas are frequently impacted.  The first represents a risk to the advertiser in the form of approved purchase order (P.O.) balances and earned, but not yet processed, credits being managed “off-book.”  While these practices seem innocent enough on the surface and often involve client-side marketing personnel, the risks are very real.  The notion is a simple one, the agency and client teams identify credits or unspent budgets and accrue these funds for future use on unexpected new initiatives or for planned projects that exceed budget.  Harmless, right?   Perhaps, until the client-side marketing representative is transferred out of their position or leaves the company altogether.  This usually creates a knowledge gap that allows these “off-book” funds to remain undetected by the advertiser.  Thus, in this scenario the agency is the only entity with knowledge that these funds even exist.

The second area impacted is an advertisers treasury management practices.  With estimated billing, clients are often invoiced by their agency at the time of project approval, with payment due in 15 to 30 days.  However, the agency may not be billed by 3rd party vendors until costs are actually incurred (i.e. calendar month following the month of service) and remittance may not be due for another 30 to 45 days.  Finally, the agency may take an excessive amount of time to reconcile the vendor billing and hold off on processing payment until the charges are fully reconciled.  While that all makes sense, the advertisers funds have been in the agency’s possession and not in an interest bearing account generating interest income for the advertiser. 

Billing reconciliation is too important a task not to have a rigid oversight process and controls in place.  Agencies handle anywhere from several dozen to thousands of 3rd party vendor invoices on the advertisers behalf.  The sheer volume of billing activity can in and of itself create an environment that is ripe for mistakes.  As noted twentieth-century American author Paul Eldridge once said;

“In the spider-web of facts, many a truth is strangled.”

Having a process that provides billing analysis redundancy makes good sense and will likely be welcomed by the agency.   If you’re interested in learning more about independent billing reconciliation audit support, please contact Jim Bean, Principal at Advertising Audit & Risk Management at jbean@aarmusa.com for a complimentary consultation on this important topic. 


Effectively Managing Agency Transitions

22 May

The purpose of this article is not to analyze “why” the average tenure of client – agency relationships have declined precipitously over the last few decades.  Sadly, research conducted by Michell and Sanders in 1995 indicated that a majority of these relationships lasted “no more than” five years.  Many speculate that the average tenure today is less than three years.  Rather, I would like to focus on an advertiser’s post-termination rights.

Much time is spent on the front end of a relationship negotiating the Letter of Agreement (LOA), often referred to as the “terms of separation” document.  Virtually all of these agreements contain “right to audit” clauses that provide the advertiser access to financial documentation, invoices, 3rd party reimbursement data, time-of-staff investment detail, fee reconciliation data, etc… to vouch for the accuracy of the billing process.  However, once a relationship has been terminated, very few advertisers refer back to the LOA or take action on  protections which it affords their organizations.

The reasons for this lack of attention on the LOA governing the “old” relationship are many and varied: Marketing is focused with on-boarding their new agency partner, Procurement and Legal are engaged in finalizing the LOA for the incoming agency and Finance is supporting their Marketing and Procurement peers on the compensation system analysis/negotiation.

Whether or not an advertiser has enacted their right to audit during the relationship, failing to enact this clause once a relationship has been terminated is a financial risk regardless of whether it was the advertiser or agency that initiated the termination. Conducting exit audits is not intended, nor should it be conducted as a vengeful act imposed by an advertiser on an outgoing agency partner.   Auditing in a post Sarbanes-Oxley world is a corporate governance best practice, part of an organization’s fiduciary responsibility to its shareholders. It is simply a means of formally closing out the relationship and mitigating any attendant financial and or legal risks associated with the transition from one agency to another.  In the words of American humorist and writer Finley Peter Dunne:

“Trust everyone, but cut the cards.”

So the question remains: “Why do so few advertisers audit their outgoing marketing suppliers?”  In our practice, we typically come across two primary reasons, the first is related to the investment in on-boarding the new agency referenced above.  The second is a feeling of empathy for the outgoing agency, particularly if the advertiser has terminated the relationship.  Conducting an exit audit in this instance is sometimes viewed by advertisers as the ultimate indignity for a business entity that was once a valued partner.

It has been reported that fewer than one-in-ten incumbent agencies retain an advertiser’s account once it has gone into review.  So what happens once a review has been announced?  Well, if you’re on the agency side and there is a 90%+ chance that you are going to lose the business, you may immediately begin paring back your resource investment, reassigning agency personnel to other accounts or reducing staff, replacing senior personnel with junior level staffers, delaying or holding earned but unprocessed credits, discounts and rebates rather than passing them back to the advertiser, extending 3rd party vendor accounts payable timing, reducing their stewardship efforts over the client’s advertising investment, etc…

Exit audits can mitigate the risks associated with these practices and can yield valuable insights and process improvements that can be applied to other relationships… while insuring that all billing and fees have been properly reconciled and that all intellectual property rights and assets have been properly transitioned.  Conducting an exit audit is an industry “Best Practice” designed to protect the advertiser and ensure a clean transition.  Implemented in a fair, even-handed and respectful manner they are not intended to punish an outgoing agency partner.

%d bloggers like this: